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What is IOT? How IoT actually works?

Every device that is connected to the Internet, they all fall in the category of Internet of Things, in which your Smart Phone, Smart Car, Smart Home, etc. also comes under IoT. In this post, we are going to learn about What is IOT? History of IoT? How IoT actually works? How to learn IoT? Why is it necessary to learn IoT? Advantages, Disadvantages, Applications and Conclusions. So, please read our post from beginning to end.

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What is IOT?

Connecting physical objects, places and humans on a network is called the Internet of Things, where they communicate with each other. They send data, receive, process it and take any action. All these connected objects can communicate among themselves in three ways.
  • Human to Human - When humans communicate with each other on an IoT system, it is called communication from human to human, which is abbreviated as H2H.
  • Human to Machine - When the objects and machines on the IoT system communicate with humans, this situation is called H2M.
  • Machine to Machine - The maximum success of the IoT system is being determined by this communication. Because in this model, an IoT system communicates the connected machine itself and takes action based on the data received from each other.
All smart devices connected to IoT send data to each other and can receive data from each other, in which you can link your device or device with the internet and get the other devices to work according to their own.

History of IoT :-

In 1982, the researchers at Carnegie Mellon University built the world's first IoT device. There is no doubt that there are changes in the technology of mobiles day by day. By the way, IoT is also very progressive. There will also be a time that all the devices and machines you can think of will be connected to AI (Artificial intelligence).

How IOT Actually Works ?

An IoT system consists of smart devices, which use built-in sensors, embedded processors and communication technology to collect, send and receive data. This device collects all data from its surrounding environment and transmits it to the respective IoT Gateway, where the data is analyzed. Then, based on the information obtained from this analysis, a pattern is detected, recommendations are made and potential problems are explored. In this way, all the work is done on the lines of computer system. It is processed, then a decision is taken based on the same data. But, here big data is analyzed because the data is received continuously. Therefore, data is obtained on a wide scale which is also called as data mining.

Let us try to understand with some examples. If you run a book store, then you will want to know what kind of books are read more so that you can make proper arrangement of that stock before the stock runs out. For this, you may need the following data.
  • In which corner or wardrobe do people go more and spend more time?
  • What kind of books are kept in that area?
  • Which author's books are liked more?        
If you continue to get this type of data, then you will be able to take right decisions and increase sales as well as fulfill demand. Let us try to understand with second example. If a person wants to have AC turned on before reaching home and wants his room gets cold by the time he reaches home, then it is possible that you can turn on AC with the help of IOT and also turn off the AC that has remained operational.

Anyone can connect their home devices together with the help of IOT, so that you can handle those devices from anywhere. This is a platform that accurately detects what information is useful and which Internet of Things we can use to find useful information such as - which showroom is the best in the area, where customers stay for a long time, etc. IOT sensor can be used to detect all this information.

How to learn IOT ?

First of all you have to understand the concepts of basic electronics. After that, you will have to learn about Micro-controllers, Arduino, Machine Learning, Python, Java, R language, etc. Along with that, you should also know basic knowledge of electrical. One thing that is very important in IoT is real time data. Many cloud companies have their own IoT cloud (cloud services), which provide real time data, which you can use. Such as Microsoft Azure, AWS (Amazon Web Services), Google's firebase, etc. 

Why is it necessary to learn IOT?

Internet of things technology is benefiting people as well as businesses and companies. The ROI on investment made on this technology is high. That's why, companies are investing a lot in this area. It is estimated that in 2020, the total of IOT's will be 21 billion devices. From this, you can guess how good the future of IoT is.

To what extent do IOT's have the ability to change our lives?

If every one of your devices is connected to the internet, then what can you not do? You can easily use all your electronic devices from anywhere in the world.
  1. You can see what is going on in your house even when you are away from home.
  2. The doors of the house can be closed or opened from any corner of the world.
  3. Before buying anything, you can see which one and how much is lying in your house, this will help you to buy a new one.
  4. In winter or in summer, the car is often very hot or cold, if your car is connected to the internet, then you can change the temperature you want before going to the car.
  5. With the help of mobile you can control all devices simultaneously.

Use of IoT in common life :-

The technique that can be used for the betterment of human life is considered to be successful. Therefore, the Internet of Things is also going to go through this test. Under which, at present, the technology of Internet of Things is being used in many places from homes to factories, tech companies, agencies, governments, etc. This technique is mainly being used in the following fields :
  1. Manufacturing
  2. Transportation
  3. Automotive
  4. Agriculture
  5. Medical and Healthcare
  6. Consumer applications

Advantages/Benefits of IoT :-

  1. Helping to automate tasks. With this, time is not being wasted with saving labor on many small tasks.
  2. The entire process of conducting business can be monitored and progress can be monitored.
  3. Helping to improve customer experience. Due to which business sales are increasing and customer-merchant relationships are strengthening, which proves beneficial for the growth of the overall business.
  4. In order to increase the productivity of workers, analysis of Internet of Things is becoming helpful in developing ways of getting employees to work in new ways. It is easier than ever to take the right decisions for the future.
  5. With this new technology, customers and people are getting reduced dependence on human-powered creatures for many things.
  6. The standard of living of people is improving. Because, now, due to time and data analysis people are being able to take accurate and timely decisions.
  7. By getting information from any device and place, the situation is being accurately assessed.

Disadvantages of IoT :-

  1. Data theft and privacy threat. 
  2. Automation concerns people going to work that can lead to depression and intoxication
  3. Unemployment threat looms. 
  4. Cyber threats likely to increase. 

Application of IOT :- 

  1. Smart house
  2. Wearable technology
  3. Smart cities

Conclusion :-

So friends, we hope that you will like the information of Internet of Things, with which you also got to learn about the application of IOT.

I hope you will like our post of What is IOT | How IoT Actually Works 

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